Read e-book online 1939: Countdown to War PDF

By Richard Overy

ISBN-10: 0670022098

ISBN-13: 9780670022090

A top historian re-creates the ultimate hours of peace in Europe.

On August 24, 1939, the realm held its collective breath as Hitler and Stalin signed the now notorious nonaggression pact, signaling an approaching invasion of Poland and bold Western Europe to respond.

during this dramatic account of the ultimate days prior to the outbreak of global warfare II, award-winning historian Richard Overy vividly chronicles the unraveling of peace, hour by means of grim hour, as politicians and usual voters brace themselves for a battle which can spell the tip of eu civilization. not anything was once solely predictable or inevitable. The West was hoping that Hitler could see feel in the event that they stood enterprise. Hitler was once confident the West may back off. Moments of uncertainty alternated with these of war of words; mystery intelligence used to be utilized by either side to help their hopes. the single consistent characteristic used to be the choice of Poland, a rustic created purely in 1919, to guard its newfound independence opposed to a drastically more advantageous enemy. 1939 records a defining second within the violent background of the 20 th century.

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Following the meeting of 21 July, Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, had commissioned a memorandum dealing with the USSR to be drawn up. A week later, Rear Admiral Kurt Fricke, the Chief of the Operations Department in the Naval War Staff, presented his ‘Reflections on Russia’ to Raeder. , an extension which prevents an unhindered surprise entry of vital areas of German soil, a deep piece of interspersed open country, so to speak …, which simultaneously obtains for the German people the necessary Lebensraum for the future.

134–136. 19. The term Staatssekretär (plural: Staatssekretäre) remains throughout in its German form, as the literal translation – ‘state secretary’ or ‘secretary of state’ – denotes a position in the British civil service a rank higher (the equivalent of the German Minister). , permanent secretaries. The term Unterstaatssekretär, denoting the deputy of the Staatssekretär, also remains in German throughout. The same applies to other government, NSDAP or SS ranks, though not to military ranks or positions in the occupied territories.

BA, NS 43/3, fo. 178, letter from Leibbrandt to Rosenberg, 4 November 1937. 44. Ibid. 45. BA, NS 43/49, fos. 24–40, ‘Kurzer Tätigkeitsbericht des Aussenpolitischen Amtes der NSDAP’, October 1935, here fo. ’ The Central Planning Organizations 25 46. See Jacobsen, Nationalsozialistische Außenpolitik, p. 85; correspondence between Leibbrandt and Professor Dr Jacobsen from 4 April 1968. 47. Theo Sommer, Deutschland und Japan zwischen den Mächten 1935–1940 (Mohr, Tübingen, 1962), p. 34. 48. ’ in Ronald Smelser and Rainer Zitelmann (eds), Die braune Elite: 22 biographische Skizzen (Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1989), pp.

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1939: Countdown to War by Richard Overy

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