By S. H. Rigby
This authoritative survey of england within the later heart a long time includes 28 chapters written by way of prime figures within the field.
Covers social, monetary, political, non secular, and cultural historical past in England, eire, Scotland, and Wales.
Provides a consultant to the ancient debates over the later center Ages.
Addresses questions on the cutting edge of ancient scholarship.
Each bankruptcy comprises feedback for additional examining.
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Mametz wooden and the within sight village of Fricourt represented a moment section of the British offensive at the Somme in 1916. one of the such a lot dramatic reminders of the previous to be discovered this present day are the websites linked to the thirty eighth (Welsh) department.
Mametz wooden and the close by village of Fricourt represented a moment part of the British offensive at the Somme in 1916. British troops have been assigned to assault a seriously fortified quadrangle simply to the west of the wooden. The assault used to be a expensive failure yet, for as soon as the commanding generals of the divisions concerned have been relieved. this present day the location includes a lot of curiosity, either to the customer and the final reader. Markers and preserved emplacements illustrate the various assaults introduced within the region, in addition to the lengthy classes of trench struggle. males from the economic North of britain fought right here with the seventeenth (Northern) department and their monuments are quite evocative of the era.
Among the main dramatic reminders of the earlier are the websites linked to the thirty eighth (Welsh) department. Siegfried Bassoon and Robert Graves either served with the department and activities during this zone are rather well-recorded in English literature. a bit of the sector is ruled by means of the division's pink Dragon statue, a contemporary addition yet already well-liked by travelers. The French seemed the Welsh ("Galois" in French) as long-lost family, and the division's moments were quite good kept-up.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell Companions to British History)
Those areas which proved particularly fertile for the development of protoindustry offered cheap labour with the relevant indigenous skills, an absence of tight manorial and other institutional controls, and ready access to land so that there was no upper limit on the supply of small holders seeking by-employment. As these rural industries grew, so they in turn became important sources of demand for raw materials and foodstuffs and a further source of agricultural change. Earnings in industry attracted migrants and stimulated relatively high levels of fertility, with the result that in demographic terms these were among the most dynamic regions.
There is a substantial specialist literature on productivity and crop yields. See especially B. M. S. Campbell and M. Overton, eds, Land, Labour and Livestock: Historical Studies in European Agricultural Productivity (Manchester, 1991); G. Clark, ‘The economics of exhaustion, the Postan thesis, and the agricultural revolution’, Journal of Economic History, 52 (1992), pp. 61–84; W. S. Cooter, ‘Ecological dimensions of medieval agrarian systems’, Agricultural History, 52 (1978), pp. 458–77; R. S.
The principal field crops nevertheless remained much as before: systematic seed selection and the introduction of root crops, ley grasses and a whole range of new horticultural crops all lay in the future. In the sixteenth century both the crops grown and animals stocked and the techniques of their cultivation and management were much the same as those that had prevailed in the thirteenth century. Nor did Elizabethan yeomen achieve significantly better results than their medieval forebears. Within Norfolk, a county in the vanguard of change, early seventeenth-century crop yields were much the same as those of the early fourteenth century.
A Companion to Britain in the Later Middle Ages (Blackwell Companions to British History) by S. H. Rigby