A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of - download pdf or read online

By Pradyot Patnaik

ISBN-10: 0471714585

ISBN-13: 9780471714583

The definitive advisor to the unsafe homes of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their damaging houses, A complete advisor to the detrimental homes of chemical compounds, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental info exists. hence, it bridges the distance among harmful fabrics and chemistry. broadly up to date and elevated, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, protecting every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges unsafe chemicals in response to their chemical constructions and useful teams for simple reference
  • Includes up to date info at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive homes of chemical substances
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the edge publicity limits within the office air for a couple of substances
  • Features the newest details on commercial solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • Includes a number of tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for speedy reference

since it offers info that permits people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish tests with out previous info, this finished reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.

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Pradyot Patnaik's A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of PDF

The definitive advisor to the detrimental houses of chemical substances Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their unsafe homes, A accomplished consultant to the damaging houses of chemical compounds, 3rd version permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists.

Extra resources for A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances

Example text

Acrolein, acrylonitrile, and vinyl chloride, for example, are more toxic than are their saturated counterparts, which contain the same number of carbon atoms. Substitution in the molecule can alter the toxic properties significantly. Chemicals classified according to their structure and functional group, general toxicity, and individual toxic properties are discussed at length in Part B of this book. The target organs, the nature of the toxic effects, and some specific toxicants are briefly described in Section V of Part A.

The cyanide ion is an inhibitor of cytochrome oxidase, blocking 23 cellular respiration. Many metal ions, including arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, manganese, barium, and selenium, are highly toxic to humans. Metals such as antimony, cobalt, nickel, zinc, molybdenum, silver, copper (dust), and aluminum exhibit either low acute poisoning or chronic toxicity. The toxicity of metals also varies widely. Within the same group in the Periodic Table, for compounds with similar electronic configuration and chemical properties, the toxicity may differ significantly.

Anoxia Reduction of oxygen in the body tissues below physiologic levels. Anticoagulant An agent that prevents blood clotting. Antidote Substance that is administered to reverse the poisoning effects of a toxicant. Aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue. Arrhythmia Variation from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat. Asphyxiant Substance that displaces oxygen or reduces the amount of oxygen in the air or limits the blood from transporting adequate oxygen to the vital organs of the body.

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A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances by Pradyot Patnaik


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